Annually, very nearly 45 million young male chickens are killed in Germany. Their eggs are unsuitable when it comes to market. New procedures for sex recognition should make certain that they’re not also bred. David Tedevosian/ Shutterstock
The managing director of the egg breeding company Seleggt Gmbh, spoke about Germany’s recent decision to allow the mass killings of young male chickens and how his company’s Seleggt process could be used as a bridging technology until more commercially viable methods are found in an interview with EURACTIV Germany, Dr Ludger Breloh.
Dr Ludger Breloh, an agricultural economist, is the handling director of Seleggt GmbH, an associate for the Rewe Group. Seleggt GmbH, in cooperation utilizing the University of Leipzig, is promoting the very first functional way of very early sex recognition in hen eggs.
The sex of a young chicken can be determined in russian mail order bride the egg with the Seleggt method. How exactly does this work?
Our technique is most beneficial referred to as an endocrine, meaning a method that is hormone-based. We already fully know that gender-specific hormones, such as for instance oestrone sulphate, already are contained in the non-incubated egg consequently they are just created within the feminine egg.
To achieve this, you have to wait about nine times before the hormones are available in the egg in adequate volume. Then we draw out a small drop of fluid through the egg, which we mix by having a marker that is biochemical.
This then suggests, with a colour modification, if the sulphate that is oestrone current. Feminine eggs are then gone back to your incubator and hatched, while male eggs are prepared into animal feed.
Up to now, nonetheless, gender determination will not be considered prepared for serial manufacturing, and just a supermarkets that are few these eggs. Exactly why is that?</p>
Within the last couple of years, we now have made amazing progress in refining our technology. We could now analyse around 3,000 eggs each hour, per device.
Nevertheless, the procedure has only been utilized in our hatchery that is in-house so. Our birds lay so-called Respeggt eggs, that are currently offered today in about 380 supermarkets when you look at the greater Berlin area. The reality that these eggs just occur here, for the present time, is really because the number of laying hens remains workable.
Since February, nevertheless, we’ve been breeding on a bigger scale, with about 20,000-30,000 young feminine chickens hatching each week. The first generation will be old enough to lay their own eggs by the end of July. There after, we are seeing a number that is increasing of eggs available on the market. The Rewe Group has set itself the purpose of offering these eggs in most its branches that are german the termination regarding the entire year.
Beginning the following year, we’ll then provide and also make our technology open to hatcheries. To start with, this is done in a cost-neutral method.
Respeggt eggs will, consequently, be slowly available on the market.
Cost-neutral may possibly mean that you first need certainly to make an advance re re payment. Exactly why is that the truth?
Our business structure is made of supermarkets spending us a licence charge – but only if the eggs that are first obtainable in supermarkets. We now have create a Respeggt logo design to exhibit the client that the eggs had been produced without killing young birds.
That is a clear added value as supermarkets can make this marketable then. Just then, will they spend us a licence cost because the hatching was made by us eggs offered at the beginning of the supply string.
The client, consequently, would additionally assist in preventing chickens that are young being slaughtered due to the fact cost of eggs is going to be somewhat increased.
What are the other methods for the very early detection of intercourse being developed?
Yes, other practices are increasingly being investigated in eight or nine facilities global, including in Canada and Australia, but additionally within the universities of Munich and Dresden. We cannot say more about these processes, because their development obviously happens in today’s world.
In just about any full instance, I would personally welcome it if other procedures had been made in the marketplace. I’m not just worried about your competitors, but in addition concerning the dilemma of killing chickens that are young.
In all honesty, running the complete sector with just one technology could be a challenge that is serious.
Is the fact that because your reach continues to be too little?
Yes. We expect you’ll raise about 1.5 million young birds in our hatchery this current year – that is merely a drop within the ocean considering that an overall total of 45 million young male chickens are now being gassed or shredded each year.
This means we are going to desire a whole lot more time before reaching such high volumes. Only then will we manage to discuss about it a paradigm change. Rome had not been built in one day.
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As soon as the Seleggt technology had been established, it had been labelled being a bridging technology until other solutions had been found. A different one of those could be the use that is dual of. Could that function as the future of chicken agriculture?
The very fact because we have been breeding two types of highly optimised, extremely productive chickens for decades: laying hens and broiler chickens that we even kill millions of young chickens at all is only.
This is actually the way that is only can create really cheap eggs and chicken meat. The rational objective, needless to say, should be to reproduce hens which have a beneficial laying performance, while their brothers have fattening performance that is high. That feels like a jack-of-all-trades form of device and that’s just what it is.
Being an agricultural scientist having a PhD in farming, i could inform you that we now have complementary properties that rule out of the possibility that a hen can both lay eggs productively, while additionally building muscle that is sufficient. Each one or perhaps the other.
Nonetheless, i really hope that the reproduction businesses continue steadily to work intensively with this issue to ensure that we now have an economically viable solution for dual-use chickens.
Gender dedication methods are only a short-term solution and it might definitely be much more sustainable and in most of our passions whenever we could place a end for this killing of young chickens.
Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic
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